24 January

Day 5,909, 08:16 Published in Czech Republic Czech Republic by TheWinterSoldier

Everyone remembers the legend of the Japanese soldier who believed that the war was not over and remained hidden for many years, in reality it is not a legend, it is so real that on January 24, 1972 he was found after being hidden for 28 years. After the end of the second battle of Guam, on August 10, 1944, the sergeant of the Japanese Imperial Army, Shōichi Yokoi along with 10 other soldiers dispersed and went into the jungle to the caves in the hills. There he remained in hiding during the American occupation, convinced of the continuation of the war, he never imagined a surrender of his homeland, he barely came out of hiding to get food. When leaflets announcing the end of the war were dropped on the island, seven of the ten soldiers who fled with him decided to surrender, the others thought it was a maneuver and stayed with Yokoi. The three who remained with him died over the years, until in 1964 he was left alone. On the night of January 24, 1972, the villagers Jesús Dueñas and Manuel de Gracia were checking some shrimp traps when they spotted him, thought he was a thief, caught him and handed him over to the authorities.Upon hearing the news, Yokoi became a celebrity, despite becoming almost a millionaire by receiving 28 years of back pensions from the army plus interest, he dedicated himself to defend and promote the austere life, so he was received with honors by Emperor Akihito. He finally died in 1997 and was buried in the same tomb he had already owned since 1955. Despite being the most famous, he was not the last Japanese soldier to surrender after the war, the following were Lieutenant Hirō Onoda and Private Teruo Nakamura in December 1974.

On January 23, 1960, in the Mariana Trench, near the island of Guam, oceanographer Auguste Piccard, aboard the submarine "Trieste", reached a depth of 10,911 meters, a record that still stands today for a manned vessel. Auguste Antoine Piccard, a Swiss professor of physics and chemistry at the universities of Zurich and Brussels, redirected his efforts to the exploration of the ends of the planet, the atmosphere and the deep sea. In May 1931 with his assistant Paul Kipfer, they reached 15,971 meters in a pressurized capsule hanging from a balloon, in August 1932 he repeated the experiment with Max Cosyns this time reaching 16,200 meters. After presenting the results of the studies on cosmic rays and ionized strata of the stratosphere he decided it was time to go deep.To challenge the underwater limits, he had to invent dozens of new instruments and design more resistant structures to withstand the pressure in the sea trenches. In 1937 he started designing several models of bathyscaphe, the government of the Italian city of Trieste decided to support Piccard who in 1947 presented the definitive model of the "Bathyscaphe Trieste". In 1953 he made the first dives near Naples and in the vicinity of the Cape Verde archipelago, seeing that the design was revolutionary, in 1958 the US Navy bought it for 250 thousand dollars, Piccard accepted the sale on the condition that he and his son would continue to use it until reaching the maximum known depth in the Mariana Trench. Only 2 years later the attempt to reach the deepest known point of the planet would be made, due to the advanced age of Auguste, his son Jacques and his friend and assistant Don Walsh would be the crew members of the Trieste. On January 23, 1960 the Batiscafo Trieste managed to reach the bottom of the Mariana Trench, 10,911 meters, a record still in force because although it is known that there are deeper sectors, since Piccard's death in 1962, no one has dared to attempt such a feat.